India will join 100 nations in ratifying the Paris agreement on climate change on April 22, Union Environment, Forests and Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar said at the University of Mumbai, according to a press statement.
The United Nations agreement, negotiated in Paris in December 2015, sets out a global action plan to put the world on track by limiting global warming below 2 degrees Celsius and attempt to shield the world from the catastrophic effects of climate change.
Mr. Javadekar described the Paris agreement as an image makeover for India.
“India was always perceived to be a naysayer and negative in its approach and took a corner seat in most of the international conferences. But in Paris, Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced the concept of climate justice driving home the message of sustainable development,” said Mr. Javadekar.
The global 1 degree rise in temperature was due to 150 years of uncontrolled carbon emission by the developed world. He said while 30 per cent of cumulative contribution was that of the United States, 50 per cent by Europe, Canada and other developed world and 10 per cent by China, India was responsible for only 3 per cent.
Among India’s proactive measures to combat the pernicious effects of global warming was Rs. 400 per tonne green cess on coal and a proposed Compensatory Afforestation Funds Bill, 2015, which would unlock Rs. 40,000 crore of funds made available to States to take up afforestation programmes, the statement added. Global action plan will shield world from the many catastrophic effects of climate change